Holy Spirit in Islam (2023)

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The Holy Spirit in Islam is also known as the Spirit of/from Allah. The Qur’an claims to confirm the previously revealed scriptures. The holy spirit in Islam is not the Holy Spirit in Christianity. The holy spirit in Islam is not about the Holy Spirit as poured out onto creation, making all things new. It is therefore not about redemption, but it does have a role in guiding humanity. After all, it mediates the message of God to humanity. What is God’s message to humanity?

The Holy Spirit (روح القدسRuhal-Qudus, “the holy spirit“) is mentioned four times in theQuran, where it acts as an agent of divine action or communication. TheMusliminterpretation of the Holy Spirit is generally consistent with other interpretations based upon the Old and the New Testaments. Further, the Quran refers torūḥasRuh al-qudus(روح القدس‎, “theholy spirit” or “spirit of holiness“) andal-ruh al-amin(“the faithful/trustworthy spirit”). The holy spirit is more commonly known as archangel Gabriel (جبريل‎ the messenger to all the prophets.

InSufism,rūḥ(روح‎; pluralarwah) is a person’s immortal, essential self — pneuma, i.e. the “spirit” or “Nafs (The Soul)“. The Quran itself does not describe rūḥ as the immortal self.Nevertheless, in some contexts, it animates inanimate matter. Further, it appears to be a metaphorical being, such as anangel.In one instance,rūḥ refers toJesus.

Outside the Quran,rūḥ may also refer to a spirit that roams the earth; aghost.

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Among theal-Laṭaʾif as-sitta(اللطائف الستة‎) it is the third purity.

Ruh al-qudus

Ruh al-qudus(روح القدس‎, “the holy spirit” or “spirit of holiness”),al-ruh al-amin(“the faithful/trustworthy spirit”), andruh(spirit) are Quranic expressions that describe a source or means of prophetic revelations, commonly identified with the angelGabriel. Quranic commentators disagreed in their identification of Gabriel with various uses of the wordruh

TheArabicphrase“al-Qudus”(القدس) translates into English as “the Holy One” or “the Exalted One”.“Al-Quddūs” is one of the99 Names of God in Islam.

In Quran

Brought the revelation to Muhammad

Surah 16:102, “Say, the Holy Spirit has brought the revelation from thy Lord in Truth, in order to strengthen those who believe, and as a Guide and Glad Tidings to Muslims.”

Strengthened Jesus

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Surah 2:87, “We gave Moses the Book and followed him up with a succession of apostles;We gave Jesus the son of Mary Clear (Signs) and strengthened him with the holy spirit. Is it that whenever there comes to you an apostle with what ye yourselves desire not, ye are puffed up with pride?—Some ye called impostors, and others ye slay!”

Surah 2:253, ” Those apostles We endowed with gifts, some above others: To one of them Allah spoke; others He raised to degrees (of honour);to Jesus the son of Mary We gave clear (Signs), and strengthened him with the holy spirit. If Allah had so willed, succeeding generations would not have fought among each other, after clear (Signs) had come to them, but they (chose) to wrangle, some believing and others rejecting. If Allah had so willed, they would not have fought each other; but Allah Fulfilleth His plan.”

Surah 5:110, “Then will Allah say: “O Jesus the son of Mary! Recount My favour to thee and to thy mother. Behold!I strengthened thee with the holy spirit, so that thou didst speak to the people in childhood and in maturity….”

Strengthens others

Surah 58:22, “Thou wilt not find any people who believe in Allah and the Last Day, loving those who resist Allah and His Apostle, even though they were their fathers or their sons, or their brothers, or their kindred. For such He has written Faith in their hearts, andstrengthened them with a spirit from Himself.. And He will admit them to Gardens beneath which Rivers flow, to dwell therein (for ever). Allah will be well pleased with them, and they with Him. They are the Party of Allah. Truly it is the Party of Allah that will achieve Felicity.

Spirit of God

Breathed into Adam

Surah 38:72, “When I have fashioned him [Adam] (in due proportion) andbreathed into him of My spirit, fall ye down in obeisance unto him.”

Surah 15:29, “When I have fashioned him (in due proportion) and breathed into him of My spirit, fall ye down in obeisance unto him.”

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Breathed into Man

Surah 32:9, “But He fashioned him in due proportion, andbreathed into him something of His spirit. And He gave you (the faculties of) hearing and sight and feeling (and understanding): little thanks do ye give!”

Breathed into Mary to make Jesus

Surah 21:91, “And (remember) her who guarded her chastity:We breathed into her of Our spirit, and We made her and her son a sign for all peoples.

Surah 66:12, “And Mary the daughter of ‘Imran, who guarded her chastity; andWe breathed into (her body) of Our spirit; and she testified to the truth of the words of her Lord and of His Revelations, and was one of the devout (servants).”

Spirit of Inspiration

Surah 40:15, “Raised high above ranks (or degrees), (He is) the Lord of the Throne (of Authority): by His Command dothHe send the Spirit (of inspiration) to any of His servants he pleases, , that it may warn (men) of the Day of Mutual Meeting.”

In Shia Islam

In Shia Islamruhis described as “a creature (khalq) of God larger than Gabriel or Michael”, who was sent to inform and guideMuhammadand is now with theImams. In some Shia traditions,ruh al-qudus(spirit of holiness) is one of the five spirits possessed by the Imam. Unlike the other four spirits, it is always vigilant and available to inform the Imam on any issue. There is disagreement on whetherruh is an angel.

As interpreted to refer to the Archangel Gabriel

The term Ruh al-Qudusalso applies to theArchangelGabriel (referred to as Jibral, Jibrīl,Jibrael, ‘Džibril,Jabrilæ,Cebrail orJibrail (جبريل, جبرائيل),who is related as the Angel of revelation and was assigned by God to reveal the Qur’an to the prophetMuhammadand who delivered theAnnunciationtoMary.

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In the twosurasin which the Qur’an refers to the angel Gabriel, it does so by name. However, somehadithand parts of theQur’anmay arguably lend support to the alternative view.

It appears to be indicated by the Quran insuraMaryamayat16–21, that it was the angel Gabriel who gave to Mary the tidings that she was to have a son as a virgin:

She chose to seclude herself (from her people); then we sent to her Our Spirit, and he appeared before her in the form of a man in all respects. She said: “Verily! I seek refuge with the Most Beneficent (God) from you, if you do fear God.” (The man) said: “I am only a messenger from your Lord, (to announce) to you the gift of a righteous son.” She said: “How can I have a son, when no man has touched me, nor am I unchaste?” He said: “So (it will be), your Lord said: ‘That is easy for me (God): And (we wish) to appoint him as a sign to mankind and a mercy from us (God), and it is a matter (already) decreed (by God).’”[Quran19:17]

It is narrated in hadith that the angel Gabriel accompanied Muhammad during theMi’raj, an ascension to the heavens in which Muhammad is said to have met other messengers of God and was instructed about the manner of Islamic prayer (sujud). (BukhariSahih al-Bukhari, 1:8:345.) It is also held by Muslims that the angel Gabriel descends to Earth on the night of Laylat al-Qadr (“The Night of Fate”), a night in the last ten days of the holy month of Ramadan (Islamic calendar) which is said to be the night on which the Qur’an was first revealed.

Holy Spirit in Islam (2)


As soul

God is believed to endow humans withrūḥ and Nafs (The Soul)(نَفْس,psyche, i.e.egoor “(inner) soul“). The rūḥ “drives” the nafs, which comprises temporal desires and sensory perceptions. The nafs can assume control of the body if the rūḥ surrenders to bodily urges. The nafs is subject to bodily desire, whereas the rūḥ is a person’s immaterial essence, beyond the emotions and instincts shared by humans and other animals; rūḥ makes the body alive. Some arwah (pl. spirits) dwell in the seventh heaven. Unlike the angels, they are supposed to eat and drink. An angel calledAr-Rūḥ (the spirit) is responsible for them.


To attainTajalliar-rūḥ, (the ultimate manifestation of divine truth in the human soul) theSalik(Sufiaspirant), must cultivate the following 13 spiritual qualities or virtuous practices, thus facilitating the gradual awakening in order of the various centres or subtleplexusesof his/herjism latif(subtle body).

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  1. Irādah or Commitment with God
  2. Istiqāmah or Steadfastness in the way with God
  3. Hāya or Shame in committing evil
  4. Ḥurīyyah or Freedom:Ibrahim Bin Adhamsaid, “A free man is one who abandons the world before he leaves the world”. Yaḥyā Bin Maz said, “Those who serves the people of world are slaves, and those who serve the people of ʾĀkhirah are the free ones”. Abū ʿAlī Daqāq said, “Remember, real freedom is in total obedience. Therefore if someone has total obedience in God, he will be free from the slavery of non God”
  5. Fatoot or Manliness: Abū ʿAlī Daqāq said, “Manliness is in one’s being of continuous service to others. This is an etiquette that was perfected by Prophet Muhammad only”.
  6. Ḥub or Love for God
  7. Aboodiyah or Slavery under God
  8. Maraqiba or Complete Focus on God
  9. Duʿāʾ or Prayer
  10. Faqar or Abandoning of materialism
  11. Tasawwuf or Wearing a dress of no material significance
  12. Suhbat or Company of the righteous ones
  13. Adab or Following Protocols of respect for the great ones

See also

  • Islamic philosophy
  • Qalb (Heart)
  • Sufi philosophy
  • Taqwa
  • Taqwa (Piety)

Adapted from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia



What does Islam say about Holy Spirit? ›

The Holy Spirit (Arabic: رُوحُ ٱلْقُدُسِ, ruh al-qudus) is mentioned four times in the Quran, where it acts as an agent of divine action or communication. The Muslim interpretation of the Holy Spirit is generally consistent with other interpretations based upon the Old and the New Testaments.

What is the Holy Spirit short answer? ›

The Holy Spirit is referred to as the Lord and Giver of Life in the Nicene creed. He is the Creator Spirit, present before the creation of the universe and through his power everything was made in Jesus Christ, by God the Father.

Does Islam believe in the Holy Ghost? ›

So, yes, Muslims believe in the Virgin Mary, the Holy Spirit and Jesus Christ as given to us in the Qur'an and as exemplified in the life model of Prophet Muhammed.

What the Quran says about Trinity? ›

Theologically, what is meant by the Trinity in the Qur'an is a belief in three Gods: God (Allah), Jesus (Isa), and Mary, as the three independent Gods, while the Christian belief confirms that God, Jesus and the Holy Spirit (not Mary) are one God, not three independent gods. The only one is in "three ways of being".

Who is Holy Spirit in simple words? ›

The Holy Spirit is one of the most elusive and difficult themes in Christian theology,... The definition that the Holy Spirit was a distinct divine person equal in substance to the Father and the Son and not subordinate to them came at the Council of Constantinople in ce 381, following challenges to its divinity.

What is the full meaning of Holy Spirit? ›

Definition of Holy Spirit

the presence of God as part of a person's religious experience: I felt the Holy Spirit in the room with me, leading and guiding me in prayer. Christianity. Also called Holy Ghost .

What are the 7 powers of the Holy Spirit? ›

The seven gifts of the Holy Spirit are an enumeration of seven spiritual gifts first found in the book of Isaiah, and much commented upon by patristic authors. They are: wisdom, understanding, counsel, fortitude, knowledge, piety, and fear of the Lord.

Do Muslims accept the Trinity? ›

However, Muslims and Christians also find themselves differing over how this God is one, with Muslims rejecting the Christian doctrine of the Trinity.

Is the number 3 important in Islam? ›

The symbolic values of numbers

The number 3 is also significant as many sunnah acts are advised to be done in three's.

Do Muslims believe in the Bible? ›

Gospel (Injil)

Accordingly, Muslim scholars reject the Christian canonical Gospels, which they say are not the original teachings of Jesus and which they say have been corrupted over time. Some scholars have suggested that the original Gospel may be the Gospel of Barnabas.

What is power of Holy Spirit? ›

Holy Spirit reveals the mystery of God and it also testifies against sin, (Amos 3:7; 2nd Kings 17:13). Abstaining from sin is a way to please God. Holy Spirit helps us to conquer the temptation of sin when it raises its ugly head. He teaches us the do and don'ts of God's kingdom and will grant us eternal life.

Is the Holy Spirit called a person? ›

In the New Testament, the divine Spirit of God, the Holy Ghost, becomes more personal. He now comes to be sealed within the believer.

Why do we need Holy Spirit? ›

We need God's Spirit to understand his Word, his truth, and all things that pertain to him. We need his wisdom. Life is so often about the gray and not the black-and-white, about the choice between two good options, not between the good and the bad options. We needs God's Spirit to give us wisdom for the moment.

What are symbols of the Holy Spirit? ›

The symbols of the Holy Spirit are: Dove, Fire, Oil, Wind and Water. The Dove: This can be seen in the description of the baptism of Christ (Matt. 3:16; Mark 1:10; Luke 3:22; John 1:30-34).

What are the 12 gift of the Holy Spirit? ›

The tradition of the Church lists twelve of them: “charity, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, generosity, gentleness, faithfulness, modesty, self-control, chastity.”

What are the 9 gift of the Holy Spirit? ›

These abilities, often termed "charismatic gifts", are the word of knowledge, increased faith, the gifts of healing, the gift of miracles, prophecy, the discernment of spirits, diverse kinds of tongues, interpretation of tongues.

Is Speaking in Tongues a gift? ›

In 1 Corinthians 12 Paul mentions tongues and prophecy along with other gifts, and affirms that Christians do not all receive the same gifts (12:29-30). But in 1 Corinthians 14:4 Paul says, “Now I want you all to speak in tongues, but even more to prophesy”.

Does the Quran support the Trinity? ›

The Quran repeatedly and firmly asserts God's absolute oneness, thus ruling out the possibility of another being sharing his sovereignty or nature. In Islam, the Holy Spirit is believed to be the Angel Gabriel. Muslims have explicitly rejected Christian doctrines of the Trinity from an early date.

Who is Allah's wife? ›

Aisha Mother of the Believers
Resting placeAl-Baqi Cemetery, Medina
SpouseMuhammad ( m. 620; died 632)
Parent(s)Abu Bakr (father) Umm Ruman (mother)
FamilyBanu Taym (by birth) Ahl al-Bayt (by marriage)
4 more rows

What is Allah's favorite number? ›

786 (number) - Wikipedia.

Why is 7 a special number in Islam? ›

Islam. References to the number seven in Islamic knowledge and practice include: Seven ayat in surat al-Fatiha, the first book of the holy Qur'an. Seven circumambulations of Muslim pilgrims around the Kaaba in Mecca during the Hajj and the Umrah.

What are the 5 colors of Islam? ›

Five of the colours that are mentioned by name are terms of the pre- Islamic vocabulary of Arabic, abyad (white), 'aswad (black), 'ahmar (red), 'aṣfar (yellow) and 'akhḍar (green), while other colours are noticeably rare in the Koran (Devin 1999).

Why Islam is the final religion? ›

It is simply the last of the divine messages to reach humankind through Prophet Muhammad, who was chosen by the Creator as the bearer of his last and all-encompassing revelation. This explains why there exists a strong link between Islam, Christianity, and Judaism.

Do Muslims worship the same God as Christians? ›

And yet, despite the manifest differences in how they practise their religions, Jews, Christians and Muslims all worship the same God. The founder of Islam, Muhammad, saw himself as the last in a line of prophets that reached back through Jesus to Moses, beyond him to Abraham and as far back as Noah.

Which is older Bible or Quran? ›

Knowing that versions written in the Hebrew Bible and the Christian New Testament does predate the Quran, Christians reason the Quran as being derived directly or indirectly from the earlier materials. Muslims understand the Quran to be knowledge from an omnipotent God.

Where is the Holy Spirit? ›

Jesus promised us that after He had died, risen again, and ascended to Heaven, God would send the Holy Spirit to live inside His people.

What is the Holy Spirit for kids? ›

The Holy Spirit is our helper, teacher, comforter, and our friend! He becomes a part of us when we become a Christian and understand that Jesus died and rose for us. When we're ready to live our lives in honor of God, the Holy Spirit will lead us and guide us every day.

What is Holy Spirit and its work? ›

The work of the Holy Spirit is to exalt Christ in our hearts. He forms the image of Christ in us. We owe all to God in salvation. The Father gave us the Son, the Son gave his life for us, and the Spirit gives us life and faith in Christ.

Do unbelievers have the Holy Spirit? ›

The Bible makes it clear that the Holy Spirit does not indwell the unbeliever, for the Spirit comes only to those who acknowledge Jesus Christ as Lord.

Is the Holy Spirit God himself? ›

The Holy Spirit is God Himself. When we accept Christ as our Savior, The Holy Spirit comes and lives within us. We cannot come to Christ unless the Holy Spirit draws us unto Him. The Holy Spirit convicts us of our sin and we admit we are sinners.

Is the Holy Spirit a person or force? ›

In the New Testament, the divine Spirit of God, the Holy Ghost, becomes more personal. He now comes to be sealed within the believer.

What are the 4 roles of the Holy Spirit? ›

He is the source of personal testimony and revelation. He can guide us in our decisions and protect us from physical and spiritual danger. He is known as the Comforter, and He can calm our fears and fill us with hope. Through His power, we are sanctified as we repent, receive saving ordinances, and keep our covenants.

What are the 5 names of the Holy Spirit? ›

Just a few of the names you will find in Names of the Holy Spirit include:
  • Breath of the Almighty.
  • Power of the Highest.
  • Spirit of Judgment.
  • Spirit of Life.
  • Spirit of Christ.
  • Lord.
  • and many more.

What are the 12 Holy Spirit? ›

The tradition of the Church lists twelve of them: “charity, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, generosity, gentleness, faithfulness, modesty, self-control, chastity.”

Who is the person of Holy Spirit? ›

The Holy Spirit is the third person of the Trinity and also the delegate of the first two persons. He is sent both by the Father (John 14: 16-17, 26; 16: 17, 26; Gal. 4: 6) and by the Son (John 15:26; 16:7). He is both the Spirit of God the Father (Rom.

What is the power of the Holy Spirit? ›

Holy Spirit reveals the mystery of God and it also testifies against sin, (Amos 3:7; 2nd Kings 17:13). Abstaining from sin is a way to please God. Holy Spirit helps us to conquer the temptation of sin when it raises its ugly head. He teaches us the do and don'ts of God's kingdom and will grant us eternal life.


1. The Holy Spirit In Islam
(Cross Examined)
2. What is the Holy Spirit in Christianity and Islam?
(Dr Zakir Naik)
3. What is "The Holy Spirit" according to Islam? - Sayed Mohammed Baqer Al Qazwini
(Al-Rasoul Islamic Society)
4. [Ep 14] Learn What Quran Says About 'The Holy Spirit' | Maryam (The Chosen) | Sh. Ammar AlShukry
(AlMaghrib Institute)
5. What is the role of the Holy Spirit in Islam? - Dr. Shabir Ally
6. Ahmed Deedat Explains Who the Holy Spirit Is - REACTION
(FTD Speaks)
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